The 2022 Punjab Legislative Assembly elections will be held in February or March 2022, to elect the 117 members of the 16th Assembly of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. The term of the current assembly elected in 2017 will expire on 27 March 2022 unless dissolved sooner.

In the 2017 Punjab Legislative Assembly election, the Indian National Congress won 77 out of 117 total seats. This landslide victory pushed the ruling alliance between Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to third place with only 18 seats. The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) came in second, winning 20 seats and forming the official opposition in Punjab.

The former Leader of the Opposition, Sukhpal Singh Khaira, joined Congress on 2 June 2021 along with Bhadaur MLA Pirmal Singh Dhaula and Maur MLA Jagdev Singh Kamalu. This reduced the AAP’s seat count from 19 to 16 in the Punjab Legislative Assembly.

New Developments and Political Alliances

Shiromani Akali Dal dissolved its alliance with the BJP, which had lasted over two decades, over the controversial Farm Bills passed by the BJP-controlled Indian Parliament in 2020.

Further, on 13 June 2021, SAD and BSP announced an alliance for the assembly election with 97-20 seat sharing. Mayawati also extended wishes to the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) on their 100th anniversary and said, “There are only a few parties who have served the nation this long. This is the oldest regional Party. “SAD, BSP alliance will come to power in Punjab with full majority in next Assembly elections” said BSP supremo Mayawati.

As part of seat sharing agreement, out of the total117 Assembly Seats in Punjab, SAD will contest 97 seats while BSP will field its candidates in 20 constituencies. SAD’s Sukhbir Badal announces Deputy CM will be from BSP if their alliance forms govt.

In addition, the Lok Insaaf Party and Aam Aadmi Party had also contested the 2017 election in an alliance but broke their alliance as well.

Resignation by Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh

On 18 September 2021, Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh resigned over differences with other members of Congress and was succeeded by Charanjit Singh Channi.

Former Punjab CM Captain Amarinder Singh resigned from Congress on Tuesday and announced a new party ‘Punjab Lok Congress’ ahead of the upcoming state elections.

Amarinder, who named his political party as the Punjab Lok Congress, is hoping for a seat arrangement with the BJP for the upcoming elections.

Punjab Elections 2022: Amarinder Singh to contest state assembly polls from Patiala

The Patiala assembly seat has been the family bastion of the former chief minister. He had represented the seat four times — 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017.

BJP and Captain’s party form Punjab alliance. BJP in charge of Punjab Affaires, Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, on Friday, Dec. 17, said his party will contest the Punjab Assembly Elections with a seat adjustment with former chief minister Amarinder Singh’s party Punjab Lok Congress.

Later in the day, Amarinder posted on social media “Today met with central minister and BJP Punjab In-charge shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat in New Delhi to determine the future strategy before Punjab Vidhan Sabha elections. We will make seat adjustment with BJP for 2022 Punjab Vidhan Sabha elections.”

Former Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on Friday thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi for his announcement that the government has decided to repeal the Centre’s three farm laws

PM Modi on Friday announced that the government has decided to repeal the three farm laws, which were at the centre of protests by farmers for the past year.

“Great news! Thankful to PM @narendramodi ji for acceding to the demands of every punjabi & repealing the 3 black laws on the pious occasion of #GuruNanakJayanti. I am sure the central govt will continue to work in tandem for the development of Kisani! #NoFarmers_NoFood @AmitShah,” Singh said in a tweet.

Addressing the nation on the occasion of Guru Nanak Jayanti, the prime minister said the three farm laws were for the benefit of farmers but “we couldn’t convince a section of farmers despite best efforts”. The goal of the three farm laws was to empower farmers, especially small farmers.

Punjab Assembly Elections: Some Facts

The 3 major contenders in this election are: –

1)The ruling Congress Party 

which is determined to maintain power in the state after the party’s failure to win a single state in the recent Assembly Elections in the month of May. The party to decrease the massive anti0incumbency against it forced the ex-CM Captain Amarinder Singh to resign after he lost popularity with the people and his party’s MLAs who lost their confidence in his ability to retain power due to his failure to complete his poll promises.

The party appointed Charanjit Singh Channi as the CM of Punjab. He is the first Dalit CM of the state and the only incumbent Dalit CM throughout India. 

The party may have got rid of some of the negative baggage by replacing the CM but has been unable to get rid of the infighting between its various factions which still continues. Prashant Kishor to be Congress’ poll strategist for 2022 Punjab election? CM Charanjit Singh Channi drops hint.

Ahead of the Punjab Assembly elections, former Congress president Rahul Gandhi on Wednesday held a high-level meeting at his Delhi residence to address internal issues of the state’s party unit.

Gandhi, according to sources, asked the state leadership to focus on the upcoming elections and to unitedly fight the assembly elections in Punjab.

Punjab Chief Minister Charanjit Singh Channi, Punjab Congress Chief Navjot Singh Sidhu and former Punjab Congress Chief Sunil Jakhar attended the meeting.

As per the sources, Sunil Jakhar had also met Rahul Gandhi separately for almost an hour and expressed his views regarding the infighting in Punjab Congress.

2) BSP and SAD alliance 


The Shiromani Akali Dal which under Sukhbir Singh Badal is raring to return to power and has tied up with the BSP to achieve this. Another defeat for the SAD may signal the end of the Badal Family in politics.

3) BJP and Punjab Lok Congress Alliance

Amarinder Singh, who named his political party as the Punjab Lok Congress, is hoping for a seat arrangement with the BJP for the upcoming elections.

4)The Aam Aadmi Party 

The Aam Aadmi Party which sees an opening due to the massive anger and frustration against all major parties and leaders in Punjab and thus a chance to win power. The party has already promised a Sikh CM, but will it be able to unite and defeat the Congress?

5) Bhartiya Kishan Union (Charuni Unit)

In a recent development, Bhartiya Kishan Union (Charuni Unit) is all set to announce the formation of a new political party today, Dec. 17, 2021. Charuni will announce name of his new political party on Saturday, Dec. 18, in Chandigarh Press Club. Under his mission Punjab 2022, he is keen that farmers, labourers, traders and the general public contest the upcoming polls collectively to sideline the traditional political parties and their leaders. 

On Friday Charuni told the social media “I will not contest the election from Punjab but will field candidates for these polls from our party. We are going to launch our political party in Chandigarh on Saturday, Dec. 18, 2021.”