Start of the deadly coronavirus:

The first confirmed case of the novel coronavirus in China can be detected on Nov 17, 2019. A 55-year-old individual (sex not revealed) from Hubei province was reported to be the first person to have contacted the infection. Thereafter, more cases rapidly began to pile up and Hubei province and its capital Wuhan became the epicentre of the virus. Obviously, before the Chinese authorities could identify the deadly virus it has rapidly spread at home and abroad. From Nov 17 to Dec 15, the total number of confirmed cases reached 60.

 

Last week, the global number of confirmed cases of novel coronavirus crossed 110,000 in over 100 countries, with a significant number of new cases emerging in South Korea, Iran, and Europe.

The cases of the infection have continued to swell with over 1, 98,739 confirmed cases reported globally so far out of which over 7,989 people have succumbed to the virus.

 

World Health Organization (WHO) finally declared the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) a pandemic on Wednesday, March 8, 2020.

The most tragic part is that as of now, there is no cure of this disease and individual patients are being treated on the basis of symptoms exhibited. As per the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) experts it will take another one-and-a-half to two years to prepare a vaccine against Covid-19.

 

Detection of the disease in India and total number of patients on date:

On Jan 30, the World Health Organisation (WHO) announced the outbreak to be “Public Health Emergency of International Concern, and incidentally, the first case of the disease was detected in India on this very date. On March 9, the confirmed cases were 43 and on March 14, the figure has reached 117 confirmed cases with two deaths and 10 patients have been fully cured and discharged.

 

 

In India the battle against Covid-19

 

On Jan 30, the World Health Organisation (WHO) announced the outbreak to be “Public Health Emergency of International Concern but India’s the response was initiated from Jan 8 itself and government proactively adopted the agile and aggressive disease-control approach that involved daily inter-ministerial reviews and updated advisories, weeks before the first cases were reported in Kerala.

 

Screening of inbound travellers started on Jan 17, at Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata airports which was extended to Chennai, Cochin, Bengaluru and Hyderabad as well on Jan 21. Screening on people arriving at 12 major sea ports and 65 non-major ports, and major land border crossings have also been initiated.

The home ministry has invoked Epidemic Diseases Act 1897, and Disaster Management Acts 2005, to empower the Centre and state governments to forcefully segregate, test and isolate suspected cases. All overseas travellers now risk undergoing a two-week quarantine. Such disease containment efforts have prevented, so far, the community transmission of Covid-19, with the disease being limited to people who got infected overseas or their contacts in India.

 

“The government has taken several pre-emptive, timely and proactive measures for prevention, containment and management of Covid-19 that includes the strict screening of passengers at every point, strengthening our quarantine and isolation facilities and scaling up our testing capacity by adding more laboratories to the network,” said Lav Aggrawal, joint secretary, health ministry.

Because all cases of the infection that have surfaced in the country so far have been traced to international travel; “screening of passengers at the entry points is the most effective way to stop the disease from spreading,” said Lav aggrawal, joint secretary in Union health ministry. 

 

India on Wednesday announced the cancellation of all existing visas, except diplomatic, official, UN/international organizations, and employment and project visa, until April 15. India’s decision is aimed at containing the spread of the novel coronavirus (Covid-19)

On Friday, Jan 13, the government announced the suspension of cross-border passenger bus and train services with Bangladesh until April 15 and the closure of 18 immigration check posts with four neighbouring countries as part of measures to prevent the spread of novel coronavirus.

 

“There is no community transmission in the country as of now. All the cases that we are seeing so far are travel-related and local cluster transmission related to travellers who arrived from the affected countries. Restring non-essential is important for better containment of the infection, “said Dr Gangakhedkar, Epidemiology Head at the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). 

 

The L-G and the Delhi government on Thursday made it mandatory for all public and private offices and shopping malls to disinfect their buildings every day. Also, Delhi government has ordered Schools and collages shut till March 31; Movie hall shut till March 31.

 

Four more states ordered schools and colleges to shut, cinema halls closed and large public gathering banned as the total number cases rose to 82.

 

Karnataka ordered some of the more stringent curbs on Friday, Mar 13, closing malls, pubs and night clubs in addition to schools and cinema halls.

Railways and other public transport agencies are taking all precaution to sanitize the respective vehicles and offices to restrict the infection from the deadly virus.

 

India prohibited entry of any international cruise ship, crew or passenger with a travel history to coronavirus-hit countries post February 1, 2020, to its major ports till March 31.

 

India has reported a total of 145 confirmed cases and three deaths as on Tuesday, Mar 17.

 

State

Confirmed cases

Cured

Death

Being monitored

People tested

Under quarantine

Indian

Foreigner

India

123

25

14

3

41,813

Delhi

8

0

2

1

NA

NA

185

Maharashtra

39

3

0

1

900

820

727

Haryana

2

14

0

0

8

70

2,529

Kerala

25

2

3

0

268

1800

18,011

Rajasthan 

2

2

0

0

164

467

1,081

Telangana

3

2

0

0

54

19

18

UP

15 

1

4

0

NA

875

21

Ladakh and J & K

11

0

0

0

5

113

2,088

Tamil Nadu

1

0

0

0

NA

NA

NA

Uttarakhand

1

0

0

0

21

51

291

Punjab

1

0

0

0

9

115

1,187

Karnataka

11

0

0

1

165

2572

AP

1

0

0

0

16

82

565

Bihar

59

274

Odisha

1

0

0

0

23

51

720

West Bengal

1

0

0

0

NA

70

12,244

Madhya Pradesh

0

0

0

0

NA

343

59

Goa

0

0

0

0

NA

21

92

Assam

0

0

0

0

NA

38

11

Chandigarh

0

0

0

0

NA

343

59

 

(Source Hindustan times)