New Caste Coalition For 2022 Up Legislative Assembly Polls

New Caste Coalition For 2022 Up Legislative Assembly Polls

The tenure of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly is scheduled to end on 14 May 2022. The previous assembly elections were held in February – March 2017. After the election, Bharatiya Janata Party formed the state government, with Yogi Adityanath becoming Chief Minister.

Legislative Assembly elections will be held in Uttar Pradesh in month of February to March 2022 to elect 403 members of the Legislative Assembly.

Parties And Alliance: 

  1. National Democratic Alliance

During the month of September, the NDA confirmed an alliance between BJP, AD(S) and the NISHAD Party. During the month of August, the NDA held talks with parties like JD(U), Ham and others, however the seat sharing talks fell apart later. In October, there were major restructuring efforts by the alliance with new faces and revamp of parties in an effort to battle anti-incumbency. In addition, the alliance has been struggling with various infighting. In the first 2 weeks of December, the alliance launched it campaign for the election

In October, the BJP finalised its alliance with seven smaller parties with a caste appeal among different groups.

These parties are part of the Hissedari Morcha, a coalition of smaller parties that came together this year with an aim to give their communities a bigger voice, with representation from various OBC groups, including Bind, Gadariya, Kumhaar, Dhivar, Kashyap and Rajbhar. Some of them were earlier with Rajbhar’s Bhagidari Sankalp Morcha, an alliance formed for the 2022 elections that also includes the AIMIM, but have since parted ways.

Hissedari Morcha convenor Kewat Ramdhani Bind said, “We have the support of different castes and  expecting at least 15 seats from the BJP in the UP polls. We noticed that the BJP is focusing on non-Yadav OBCs and Dalits so we decided to approach them for an alliance.”  He said all “seven smaller parties have their own significance in several districts and we are thankful to the BJP leadership for giving our morcha a big platform.”

The seven parties (forming the Hissedari Morcha) are listed below:

  1. Party: Bhartiya Manav Samaj Party 

Chief: Kewat Ramdhani Bind 

Founded: 2017

Support base: The Binds, an OBC group counted among the Nishads, are the party’s prime focus. “Binds have a 6 per cent population in eastern UP, especially in 10 districts, including Prayagraj, Jaunpur, Varanasi, Mirzapur, Sonbhadra, and Ghazipur. They can swing elections on the assembly seats in these districts,” said Kewat.  

The 41-year-old describes himself as a “Bombay-returned man who wants to change the political scenario in east UP”. 

A party functionary said “Binds were traditional voters of the BSP and the SP in UP earlier 

but after the BJP’s alliance with the Nishad Party, it has emerged as another alternative for them.”

  1. Party: Shoshit Samaj Party 

Chief: Babu Lal Rajbhar

Founded: 2020 

Support base:  The party says raising the voice of weaker sections, especially Rajbhars, is its priority. However, Babu Lal said his party is not only a Rajbhar vehicle and seeks to represent all castes. 

According to him, he was earlier very impressed with O.P. Rajbhar “but later found him to be a dynasty supporter”. So, he founded his own party in the same belt.

Babu Lal said the Rajbhars account for between 14 per cent and 22 per cent of the population in east UP. “They have seen how O.P. Rajbhar works only for his family, not for the community, so this time the community supports my party.”

  1. Party: Bharatiya Suheldev Janata Party 

Chief: Bhim Rajbhar

Founded: 2020

Support base: The party focuses on the Rajbhar community near Ballia district. Rajbhar was also a member of O.P. Rajbhar’s SBSP earlier. He is a fellow founding member of the Hissedari Morcha.

  1. Party: Bharatiya Samata Samaj Party 

Chief: Mahendra Prajapati

Founded: 2008

Support base: The OBC Prajapatis are its primary focus area, and the party aims to work for financial stability of community members. Mahendra Prajapati says the community accounts for over 5 per cent of the state’s population.

A party functionary said the Prajapatis are mainly Kumhars, or those engaged in pottery. They have traditionally been SP supporters but a large section moved to the BJP after the party’s massive outreach to non-Yadav OBCs in 2017, the functionary added. 

The Yogi Adityanath government’s initiative to constitute a ‘Mati Kala Board’ a few months ago, meant to provide training and support to the state’s clay artisans, also worked in the BJP’s favour.

  1. Party: Manavhit Party 

Chief: Krishna Gopal Singh Kashyap

Founded: 2015 

Support base: The party caters to the Kashyap community, a sub-caste under the Nishads. Kashyap was with the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) between 1998 and 2014. “Kashyaps account for over 3 per cent of UP’s population. We fought the 2017 elections. Our vote percentage was below 1 per cent. In the 2019 Lok Sabha polls, we supported the Congress because they promised us an alliance in the 2022 polls but they did not respond after that, so we decided to join the Hissedari Morcha,” said Kashyap.

  1. Party: Prithviraj Janshakti Party 

Chief: Chandan Singh Chauhan

Founded: 2018

Support base: Its priority groups include the Nonia, an OBC caste mainly found in east UP. A party functionary said the Nonias constitute over 3 per cent of the population in eastern UP districts, including Varanasi, Chandauli & Mirzapur. This party has its base in Varanasi.

  1. Party: Musahar Andolan Manch (Gareeb Party) 

Chief: Chandrama Vanvasi

Founded: 2020

Support base:  The group applied for registration as a party under the name ‘Gareeb Party’. Active in Ghazipur district, it focuses on Dalits, especially Musahars. 

The word Musahar translates to “rat-eater”, and they are known thus because of the community’s erstwhile primary occupation of catching rats. Many in the community, also known as the Banbasi, are still forced to do this work due to destitution and poverty. They constitute around 1 per cent of the population in easternmost Uttar Pradesh.

  1. Samajwadi Party+

RLD was the first to join the alliance. Later Akhilesh Yadav announced that they were only willing to partner up with small parties and not larger parties. The NCP and RJD too joined the alliance later. Various other smaller parties too joined while SBSP broke away from its alliance to join SP+

During the first seat sharing talks, SP agreed to give RLD 36 seats. Initially, RLD demanded 60 seats while SP were willing to give up to 30, later both the parties finalised at 36 with RLD mostly competing in West UP.

Aam Aadmi Party and Samajwadi Party began talks for alliance, however they couldn’t agree on seat sharing.

With new allies — RLD (Jayant Chaudhary) and SBSP (Om Prakash Rajbhar), Apna Dal (Anupriya Patel) and Keshav Dev Maurya’s Mahan Dal — Akhilesh would look to solidify performance in Western Uttar Pradesh and hope the farmers pivot towards him and his alliance. 

The BJP did repeal farm laws but Akhilesh and the alliance would be hoping that it is a case of too little too late. SP would also try to scrape the vote base of Mayawati as she remains surprisingly quiet in this campaign. The challenge would be how many Dalit and Muslim voters can SP break from the BSP

In the latest move, Akhilesh formed an alliance with the Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohia) after meeting with his uncle Shivpal Singh Yadav in Lucknow. Though, Shivpal Yadav’s party has an influence on just a few seats in Etawah, but his inputs are likely to help the Samajwadi Party strategy sessions. 

Akhilesh would look to further solidify performance in the forth coming assembly election by finalising its alliance with elite of smaller registered (unrecognised)parties with a caste appeal among different groups. 

List of Members contesting from the Samajwadi Party Alliance

  1. Party: Samajwadi Party

Leader: Akhilesh Yadav

Status: State level Party

  1. Party:Apna Dal (Kamerawadi)

Leader: Krishna Patel

Support base:  Apna Dal is an Indian political party active in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The party finds its support base mainly among the Kurmi community of the Varanasi region.

Anupriya Patel and Pankaj Chaudhary are from the Kurmi community, which comprises 10 per cent of UP’s population. The Kurmis are also the second highest OBC demographic in the state, after the Yadavs.  

Kurmis play a significant electoral role in a dozen districts including Mirzapur, Prayagraj, Maharajganj and Jaunpur.

  1. Party:Rashtriya Lok Dal

Leader: Jayant Chaudhary

Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) is a political party in India founded by Chaudhary Ajit Singh. RLD is considered influential in the western region of Uttar Pradesh.

  1. Party: Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party

Leader: Om Prakash Rajbhar

Support base:  The Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party is an Indian political party founded in 2002. The party is led by Om Prakash Rajbhar, former Minister of Backward Classes Welfare, Disabled People development in Uttar Pradesh. SBSP is based amongst the Rajbhar community in eastern Uttar Pradesh.

  1. Party: Nishad Party

Chief: Sanjay Nishad

Support base:  The Nishad Party was formed for empowerment of Nishad, Kewats, Bind, Mallah, Kashyap, Manjhi, Gond and other communities whose traditional occupations centred on rivers, such as boatmen or fishermen. Its founder is Sanjay Nishad, a former member of the Bahujan Samaj Party. According to Nishad, a separate party representing these communities was essential as although they had played an integral role in the victories of BSP and Samajwadi Party.

  1. Party: Mahan Dal

Leader: Keshav Dev Maurya

Support base:  Launched in 2008 by Keshav Dev Maurya, the party enjoys the support of other backward castes (OBC), particularly Mauryas, Kushwahas, Sainis and Shakyas. Talking to HT, Maurya said the Kushwaha, Maurya, Saini and Shakya communities constituted 14% of the OBC vote in the state.

  1. Party: Janvadi Party (Socialist) 

Leader: Sanjay Chauhan

Support base:  Janvadi Socialist Party (JSP), had pockets of influence over ‘bind’ and ‘kashyap’ (both OBC) communities. The members of the ‘bind’ and ‘kashyap’ communities were in sizable numbers in around a dozen eastern districts.  

  1. Party: Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohiya)

Leader: Shivpal Singh Yadav

Support base:  Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party (Lohia) is a political party formed by former cabinet minister of Uttar Pradesh Shivpal Singh Yadav after leaving the Samajwadi Party on 29 August 2018. In the Present scenario the Pragatisheel Samajwadi Party is a registered political party by the Election Commission. 

Other elite parties of the Samjbadi+ alliance

  1. Party: Political Justice Party

Leader: Rajesh Kumar

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Bhagidari Party (P)

Leader: Premchand Prajapati

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Rashtra Uday Party

Leader: Babu Ram Pal

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Adim Samaj Party

Leader: Hansraj Kol

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Rashtra Unnati Party

Leader: Anil Singh Chauhan

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Banjara Mahasabha

Satish Chandra Banjara

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Khangaar Mahasabha

Leader: Gulab Singh Khangaar

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Kashyap Sena Mahasangh

Leader: Prem Chandra Kashyap

Status: Registered (unrecognised)

  1. Party: Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

Leader; Maywati

Unlike previous years, the BSP has announced that it will compete the election all by itself. 

  1. United Progressive Alliance (UPA)

Indian National Congress

Similar to BSP, the only party competing from UPA has been the INC. On 19 October 2021, Uttar Pradesh Congress leader Priyanka Gandhi announced 40% of tickets to women in upcoming Uttar Pradesh assembly polls. 

  1. Others

During the month leading up to the elections major political parties which aren’t part of any alliance or have any seats in the assembly announced their intentions to compete in the election. 

Originally AAP announced that it would compete all 403 seats but it was later retracted after it started an alliance discussion with SP. 

Following that, Shiv Sena announced they would compete all 403 seat by themselves in the election. 

The AIMIM originally was part of alliance and was given a seat share of 100 seats, however when SBSP broke the alliance to join hands with SP, AIMIM confirmed they would fight the election alone in 100 seats. 

All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) also confirmed their intentions to compete in the election in an effort to booster their presence in the country and are going to contest all 403 seats. 

  1. Horde of other parties

Recently, horde of parties, listed below, have all confirmed their participation in the 

election.

  • Party: Communist Party of India

Leader: Girish Sharma

 

  • Party: Communist Party of India (Marxist)

Leader: Hira Lal Yadav

 

  • Party: Jansatta Dal (Loktantrik)

Leader: Raghuraj Pratap Singh

The Jansatta Dal (Loktantrik) is a political party in Uttar Pradesh, India, launched by Raghuraj Pratap Singh, commonly known as Raja Bhaiya, in November 2018.

The party has raised the issues related to disparity in the Reservation system to non-Dalits, in education and employment. Raja Bhaiyya’s party is aiming to win the UP elections of 2022, and fight for equal rights for all castes.

  • Party: All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

Leader: Shaukat Ali

The All India Majlis-E-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) is an Indian political party based primarily in the city of Hyderabad. It’s aim is to promote the social, economical, and educational development and effective representation of Muslims, Dalits, Adivasis, Other Backward Classes, Other minorities and all other underprivileged communities in India.

  • Party: Jan Adhikar Party

Leader: Babu Singh Kushwaha

Babu Singh Kushwaha is the chairman of the Jan Adhikar Party and is a contender for the upcoming elections in 2022. He come from Kushwaha caste but they also got full support from other backward Nonia ,Bind ,Prajapati, Kashyap, Chauhan, Pal etc. He has full support from Maurya Shakya Saini, Mali, maurya ,Koiri,Murao(14% vote of up population) etc.

  • Party: Vikassheel Insaan Party

Leader: Mukesh Sahani

Mukesh Sahani is an Indian politician from the Indian state of Bihar. He is the currently serving as the Minister for Animal Husbandry & Fisheries in the Government of Bihar and the founder of the Vikassheel Insaan Party, a political party in Bihar. He previously worked as a Bollywood stage designer.

  • Party: Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas)

Leader: Chirag Paswan

The Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) is an Indian political party formed on October 05, 2021, under the leadership of Chirag Paswan.It has recently been allotted a new symbol by the Election Commission, separate from the main Lok Janshakti Party. It is now one of two separate factions, the other being the Rashtriya Lok Janshakti Party

  • Party: Azad Samaj Party

Leader: Chandrashekhar Azad Ravan

Azad Samaj Party (ASP), is an Indian political party formed and is currently presided by Chandrashekhar Azad Ravan, based on the ideology of Ambedkarism.The party was formed on 15 March 2020, on 86th birth anniversary of Kanshi Ram. The party is described as the political successor of Bhim Army and is currently unrecognised by the Election Commission of India The party has been described and recognised for the welfare of Dalits, Adivasis and other socially backward groups, along with religious minorities.

  • Party: Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation

Leader: Sudhakar Yadav

The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation CPI-ML(L) or CPIML (Liberation), also referred to as the Liberation group, is a communist political party in India. As of 2016, the party has been able to send its representatives to the state legislative assemblies of Bihar and Jharkhand as well as the panchayats of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Punjab.